Tuesday, April 20, 2010

What Are The Career Options After PhD????


I am receiving many emails from young researchers and students, who took chemistry as major subject in their course, to know what to do after graduation or what are the possible options to make better career, etc. I know, one feels confused in choosing the career path after finishing his/her graduation. Therefore, I was thinking to write a brief and general write-up on this matter based on my experience. Fortunately, here is an interesting career guidelines link, that I found randomly. Taking some important points mentioned in this link, I tried to discuss by putting some of my views in my following description. I hope it will be a helpful information for many aspirants.
 
As mentioned in this link, depending on one's individual interest, he/she can choose following major options after PhD.
 
A fresh student have number of options, following are major options
  1. Academic job in india (scientist/professor), earlier this is least preferred. Nowadays this profession also have reasonable salary with stable and tension free life. Only difficulty is to compete globally due number of reasons including working hands are PhD student rather than PDF.
  2. PDF abroad, most preferred option so far, after reading status of PDF on forum/blog, some PhD students feel they are living better life during PhD than PDF abroad.
  3. Joining private company in India, lot of students feel this is black box. Much more insecure than PDF, most of company are not doing great research so their is chance that student will not grow.
Although first option (Academics) is good, but it is not so easy to go for it just after finishing PhD. Because nowadays expectations are very high for academic jobs in India. So to start with, let me take the option of going for postdoctoral job after PhD. In the above said link, author has put some following points on purpose of doing postdoctoral research in abroad.
  1. High salary (comparison to indian salary).
  2. Status in society (complexity problem, person is considered superior if working abroad).
  3. Exposure (opportunity to work with reputed scientist).
  4. Good publications etc.
To some extent I agree with him, but purpose of doing postdoctoral research in abroad is not just for high status in society or for high salary. It is actually an opportunity to learn how to become an independent researcher. One should learn, how to propose new research idea, how to create some new direction for ongoing research and also to get publications. One should not go for PDF, just because his/her senior has gone to do. There are many laboratories in abroad where, Professors ask a proposed research plan on which the person wants to work. For that one needs deep understanding on what's the current area of research in that lab and what new ideas can be implemented to redirect or to progress the ongoing research in that lab. Accordingly one should make a research proposal. This is what many postdocs working in NIH and NSF projects are told to do, before joining the research group in US. Same is the case for JSPS postdoctoral program in Japan also. Next question, how to get or how to apply for postdoctoral position?? Actually there are some links (You can find those links in my blog), in which one can see postdoctoral job advertisements. Otherwise, easiest way is, get the contact address of Professors from research papers and send an inquiry email, containing a cover letter and CV, asking for postdoctoral position. The cover letter should include brief description of your current research interests, purpose of joining that research group and career goals.

Coming to third option, Industrial jobs (Pharmaceutical/Biotech companies). Although industrial jobs are considered as mindless repetitive tasks, but due to high pay scale, more and more students are attracted towards these jobs. Unfortunately it is triumph of materialism that has infected every part of our culture, but not a bad option to choose. Basically there are two type of chemical companies in India, that is Generics and CROs (Contract research organizations). First type of companies are working on production and marketing of generic drugs, where as CROs are service based companies, manufacturing and supplying active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), bulk drug intermediates and other chemical intermediates to bigger pharma companies abroad (Pfizer, Merck, Novartis, etc), to fasten the drug development process. Regardless of what type of products they are making, both companies need well trained chemists to work in their R & D and process development units. A person with good exposure to advanced synthetic reactions, multistep synthesis, analytical techniques and with handling experience of scientific instruments have greater demand in these companies. One can join these companies just after PhD or he/she can spare 1-2 years in abroad as postdoctoral researcher and then go for these kind of jobs. To lead a comfortable life this option is always better.

I tried to explain all the points as career guidance for future aspirants after PhD. Please leave your comments or share your views on how you found this information. Also if you have any question, please don't forget to post below, so that we can discuss further if needed.

43 comments:

  1. RESPECTED SIR,
    I AM NIBIR KHAWASH,PREPARING MYSELF FOR SOME UPCOMING PHD EXAM FROM VARIOUS INSTITUTE.SO WANT TO DISCUSS REWARDS SOME TOPIC.HOPE YOU WILL GUIDE ME IN RIGHT WAY,
    khawashnibir@yahoo.co.in
    mob-9477117652.
    waiting for your replay.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Very Nice Blogging by you:-
    Lindsay Rosenwald http://www.lindsay-rosenwald.net/ Lindsay Rosenwald life facts and Rosenwald biography.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks sir would you tell me what is the range of salary in abroad for pdf

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Brother,

      I don't have the correct number, but it is the Professor, who hires you usually decides the salary.

      Delete
  4. Dear Sir, Thanks for crystal clear information,Great to C U on blog.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thanks Sir, but I am a girl and I have family. It wouldn't be possible for me to do pdf from abroad.Can u suggest me any other option to do pdf. Also I would like to know, how to apply for pdf.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Dimple ji,

      First you should decide what is your priority. Decision is in your hand. Also it is not necessary that every doctorate should do PDF. There are many examples where people have done big with PhD only. Nowadays one can do PDF in many research institutes in India as well. You can check with that also..

      Delete
  6. sir i have so many publications , so that can i became reviewer for some journal. and they pay me some thin or not? 2nd thing what i can do at my home (any writting assignment or what)

    ReplyDelete
  7. Sir I am a student of organic chemistry ...i want to do PhD ...I am preparing for NET.. I have seen many students that they don't get any job after doing PhD..can you suggest me some topic for PhD purpose that will be very much fruitful for me to get a good job in India or abroad after doing PhD...Please Sir help me..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I would suggest you to take "Total Synthesis" topic. Take any natural product and work on it. This topic really help you to master many organic reactions and exposure to many synthetic methods as well as reagents. You will be a trained organic chemist who can fit to any kind of research area in future.

      Delete
  8. this stuff is copy pasted from below link.

    http://network.nature.com/groups/natureindia/forum/topics/5162

    There it was published in 2009 here Mr. Gururaj has copied it in 2010...... Grow up Dr. Guru

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. My dear Anonymous friend,

      Of course I have take those important points listed in this post from the "link" you are telling, but I have "hyper-linked" that original link with my this blog post in this post only. This is what the usual method followed in blog writing.

      My purpose was to analyze this topic based on those points written in the link you are showing. In fact that blog post was really helpful for me to go in detail. Below those points you can see my own views based on my experience. This is just an effort to clarify certain doubts.

      Try to read the things first and then blame. I don't think I need to grow up.

      By the way, thank you very much for taking your precious time to come and show your smartness on my blog.

      Gururaj

      Delete
  9. hello sir
    i am 2012 btech passout in mechanical engineering
    i will join INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE(IISc BANGALORE) to persue my MTech in next july ..
    can u elaborately tell me scopes after phd in engineering stream and salarry after phd one can get?

    ReplyDelete
  10. sir,
    i have completed my bachelors degree in computer science and engineering . i have completed my masters degree in sweden (abroad) in molecular electronics and system design. now i would like to pursue my higher studies ie phd . i have a doubt , i am eligible to do phd in what field, whether in cse department or in ece department. kindly clarify my doubt.

    netanand(at)gmail (dot) com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Being from Chemistry field, I doubt whether I can give you proper suggestion. Therefore, I feel you should consult somebody from Engineering background.

      Delete
  11. sir,
    i am doing my research work/Ph.D in coal/organic petrology, and i want to work in abroad so may you please suggest me the name of companies dealing with coal and energy, and also their criteria for selection (if possible)or MNCs in India dealing with the same (except the Maharaten and Nav raten companies).

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sorry Sir, I hardly know about your area of research. I regret to say that I can't help.

      Delete
  12. Dear Sir,
    I am doing my research in Computational Chemistry in IIT Mandi. I am not NET qualified.
    I have my family.I want to do some job after finishing my phd.
    Can please suggest me the options.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Nowadays there is lot of scope for computational chemists in Biotechnology companies (Both in India and abroad). So, no worries.

      Delete
  13. Sir,
    Thank u for valuable information. I'm doing my m.phil chemistry. Done my research on phyto chemistry(synthesis of nano particle from a plant and it's application). I would like to do PhD. Is this fair to select the same research field or some other? Awaiting your reply. And I'm eager to do pdf in US. Can I do?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If there is really scope in the future, you can continue your PhD work in the same area of research.

      Delete
  14. Hello sir,
    myself jella maruti. I have completed M Pharma from Chemistry stream.
    I wanted to pursue PhD from abroad.
    i will try from Germany.
    What opportunities i will be having after completing my PhD.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. As I already mentioned in the above post, you can gain postdoctoral training Or go for job either in company or academics.

      Delete
  15. Career options about phd is so nice.Thanks ,good effort..
    Phd Thesis

    ReplyDelete
  16. Respected Sir
    I had completed my M.Pharm. in Medicinal Chemistry and done my M.Pharm thesis work in synthetic Chemistry. Thereafter placed in Synthetic CRO in Ahmedabad. I had joined company.
    I had two year of work experience in synthetic chemistry. But Sir when I apply in other company for any position in Synthetic Chemistry I receive only one answer that " We need candidate from Organic Chemistry background we don't need M.Pharm candidate" They even did not arrange my interview . I tired to explain that though I had completed M.Pharm I had good knowledge and skills in synthetic Chemistry and have experience in Synthetic Chemistry.
    Please help me Sir What can I do? I am too much frustrated. I had called many HR and senior team members but I receive the same answer we dont take M.Pharm candidate in Synthetic Chemistry. What can I Do?
    Also Sir If I will do PhD, can I receive the same answer?

    ReplyDelete
  17. Sir I got post-doc fellowship offer from Japan. University offered me 1000USD/Month along with family accommodation. Is this amount sufficient to survive in japan?

    Currently i am working in oman as lecturer and i am getting around 3000USD/month with other benefits. If i will go for further study i have to leave my current job and good salary as well. Should I have to go ??? please suggest me

    ReplyDelete
  18. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  19. hello all... i have done my ph.d in marketing in university of madras...im a fresher... looking for job offer in India as well ouside India....can anyone suggeest me ideas to find job abroad..

    ReplyDelete
  20. Hello I m a 12th class student can I go for phd.
    I want good salary n best settlement options .... plzzz.help.me out so that I cann give a target to my carrier...

    ReplyDelete
  21. Hello I m a 12th class student can I go for phd.
    I want good salary n best settlement options .... plzzz.help.me out so that I cann give a target to my carrier...

    ReplyDelete
  22. sir i have very simple and basic question.i done with with MSC(organic).
    now i want badly any income source.so it is good to join industry directly or if i done with phd and then if i join industry ,which will give me more salary.
    because if it takes 5 years for phd,and if i join directly industry i will get 5 years of experiance in the same time period.so what is good option
    it is the most common question in every ones mind who has some responsibilities and also want to do carrer so which is the good option.

    ReplyDelete
  23. Sir ,I have just completed my master in organic chemistry,i have qualified jrf in net exam.I want to do PhD but afraid of the fact that what would I do if I won't find a job after PhD.I want to support family and want to a job as soon as possible.sir I am little bit confused now, what's your advice? Waiting for your reply.

    ReplyDelete
  24. Sir ,I have just completed my master in organic chemistry,i have qualified jrf in net exam.I want to do PhD but afraid of the fact that what would I do if I won't find a job after PhD.I want to support family and want to a job as soon as possible.sir I am little bit confused now, what's your advice? Waiting for your reply.

    ReplyDelete
  25. Hello sir... I have done masters in organic chemistry and have qualified JRF nd GATE.Now I want to do ph.d.I have selected at DRDO where my work will be in field of phytochemistry.I also have selected at IIT ropar where organometallic catalysis will be my ph.d topic. Now I am confuse out of two option what option should I Choose.please sir help me..

    ReplyDelete
  26. Hello sir... I have done masters in organic chemistry and have qualified JRF nd GATE.Now I want to do ph.d.I have selected at DRDO where my work will be in field of phytochemistry.I also have selected at IIT ropar where organometallic catalysis will be my ph.d topic. Now I am confuse out of two option what option should I Choose.please sir help me..

    ReplyDelete
  27. Hello Sir
    The information is very useful. I am aware of these options from last 1 yr, however there are some minor problems while Pershing. Let me tell you first I have completed PhD from CSIR lab in 2014. Whenever I go for PDF I got rejection. I have tried NPDF of DST Serb and indous PDF. I have 4 sci publications three with First author and one with Impact factor of 6.2. I dont understand about reasons of rejection. For further publications I need fellowship.
    similarly get shortlisted for VNIT but not get selected as dont have degree from NIT or IIT. Recruitments for other colleges are either blocked or manipulated by management. Not finding the way plz suggest some good option

    ReplyDelete
  28. Respected sir,
    I want to do phd in organic chemistry especially on organic synthesis which specialization will be best in it.Is it includes total synthesis.

    ReplyDelete
  29. Sir my husband wanted to do post doc in Korea . I am wife of him has completed m-pharmacy in organic chemistry can I find any job there in Korea.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Difficult question ever.. Everyone is not lucky like you. The career advisor is nest for this purpose who can guide you perfectly. If you want to apply in pharmacy so this link http://www.cheapresumewritingservices.net/pharmacy-resume/ is perefct for you.

    ReplyDelete